The entrance to Udawalawe National Park is located near the 11km post between Timbolketiya and Tanamanwila on Pelmadulla-Timbolketiya A18 road. Dry Monsoon forest with an annual rainfall is about 1520mm has to mean day & night temperatures are 29 & 24 degrees centigrade respectively. The park is situated just south of the Central Highlands, of which escarpment brings about an enrapturing backdrop. At the center of the park lies the Udawalawe Reservoir. Udawalawe National Park established in the year 1972, with the objective of protecting the catchment area of the Udawalawe reservoir, which provides water for agriculture and hydro-power generation spreads over an area of 30,821, resembles an African game park: it is mainly thorny-shrub jungle with grasslands.